Diseases & Conditions

Camino Ear, Nose & Throat Clinic is set to provide you with comprehensive care for your nose and sinuses. Below is a sampling of the most common conditions we treat.

Allergies

Allergies are a maladaptive or unhelpful, response to the environment or portions of the environment. Chemicals such as histamine, prostaglandin and leukotriene are released into the bloodstream, triggering symptoms such as sneezing; itchy, watery eyes; runny nose; rashes; and hives. About 20% of Americans suffer from allergies. Not all allergic symptoms will have an identifiable trigger; however, Camino ENT offers multiple therapies to help patients deal with those symptoms.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is the medical term for a sinus infection and the inflammation that occurs when the tissues lining the sinuses become irritated and swollen with accumulation of mucus, pus or debris. A sinus infection may cause a variety of symptoms including headache, facial pressure, cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, fever and bad breath. These can be acute when lasting fewer than 30 days or chronic when lasting longer than three months. An estimated 37 million Americans suffer from sinusitis, making it one of the most common chronic conditions and reasons for doctors’ visits annually. Sinus infections may be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi, all of which we carry in our noses at all times. The treatment for your sinusitis will depend on the location, duration and type of infection involved. Camino ENT is equipped to handle all your medical and surgical sinus treatment needs.

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are small, inflammatory growths that develop in the nasal passages or sinuses. Polyps can vary in size and severity. Uncontrolled polyp growth can damage the sinuses, take away your sense of smell, damage your eyes and vision and even affect the shape of your face. Polyps are a frequent cause of asthma in adults and children. People with nasal polyps should have an ENT physician examine them to determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

Deviated Septum

A deviated septum occurs when the bone and cartilage that divide your nasal cavity are bent or angled. Everyone will have some amount of bend or deviation, even after surgery. Not all septal deviations require treatment; however, a severe deviation can contribute to allergies, sleep apnea, snoring, sinus infections and decreased aerobic abilities. There are various medical and surgical options for your nasal obstruction.

Nasal Fracture

A broken nose or nasal fracture, occurs when the bone or cartilage is cracked, moved or crushed. This often causes pain, bleeding, swelling and breathing difficulties. Nasal fractures can seriously alter your appearance if they are severe or left untreated. Most nasal fractures should be evaluated by a surgeon within 7–10 days of injury. Minor repairs can be accomplished in the office, but more work may be required. If you feel your nose has been broken, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Nasal/Sinus Tumors

Nasal and sinus tumors occur when cells of the nose grow where they are not supposed to. Many sinus tumors are pre-cancerous or cancerous and require prompt and thorough evaluation. The most common cancers in this region are squamous cell carcinomas. Other common tumors include nasopharyngeal carcinoma, papilloma and even melanoma. Your prognosis for recovery depends on a variety of factors including location and size of the tumor and your age, overall health and smoking status. Let Camino ENT help you navigate this complex topic.

Choanal Atresia

About 1 in 6,000–8,000 babies are born with a congenital condition called choanal atresia, a nasal obstruction that causes breathing difficulties and can be fatal. Choanal atresia may affect one or both nostrils and occurs when a thin membrane or bony tissue fails to disintegrate as it should during fetal development. Surgery is generally necessary to remove the blockage and restore normal breathing.

Snoring

Snoring is extremely common—45% of American adults snore at least occasionally and 25% are habitual snorers. It is most common in those who are male, overweight and older than 40 but can occur in any person at any age. Not all snoring is dangerous; however, snoring can be a symptom of sleep apnea or cause of daytime drowsiness and decreased mental alertness. It may affect your job performance and personal relationships. If you or someone you care for snores on a regular basis, see a San Jose ENT doctor to rule out anything serious. There are many good options for treatment, management and improvement.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a chronic disorder in which the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses, blocking the airway and causing the patient to quit breathing repeatedly throughout the night. Not only does this cause daytime drowsiness and fatigue; it puts strain on the heart and can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, stroke and hypertension. Sleep apnea is usually treated with CPAP therapy, though surgical procedures are sometimes utilized.

Chronic Epistaxis

Epistaxis, the medical term for a nosebleed, is a common condition that affects up to 60% of the American population. The dry climate of the Bay Area can make epistaxis much more common. Most nosebleeds are easily treatable, but in rare cases, they can be dangerous or a symptom of another problem, such as a tumor, infection or autoimmune disease. Individuals with frequent epistaxis or nosebleeds associated with other symptoms or areas of bleeding should seek medical attention at a local emergency room, urgent care facility or ENT clinic.