The thyroid and parathyroid are separate glands located in the neck. Each serves an important function.
The thyroid generates a hormone that regulates the body’s metabolism, while the parathyroid controls the level of calcium in the blood.
Together, they are responsible for many of the body’s daily functions.
Thyroid nodules are solid or fluid-filled lumps that form within the thyroid gland. The gland sits around the voice box and esophagus. They can affect your voice, swallowing and energy level. Most thyroid nodules are benign and don’t need treatment, though a small portion of them are cancerous tumors. There are numerous treatment options including surveillance, medication and removal. Determining the right treatment requires a long and complicated discussion and is based on very specific tests and research. Please see us at Camino ENT if you are affected by thyroid nodules or cancer.
The parathyroid glands are small glands located behind the thyroid gland. They are not related to your thyroid gland at all. They are responsible for maintaining your body’s calcium level. Most people have four glands, but you may have between two and six glands measuring less than five millimeters each. Adenomas are growths in the gland that cause the body to leach calcium out of its bones. They can cause bone fracture, hypertension (high blood pressure), mood swings and depression. They require specialized treatment by both an endocrinologist and a surgeon.
Thyroidectomy is the removal of all (total thyroidectomy) or part (subtotal or partial thyroidectomy) of your thyroid gland, which produces hormones that control your metabolic system. It is usually performed to treat patients with a tumor, a goiter or a condition called hyperthyroidism that causes the gland to overproduce its hormones and disrupt the body’s natural processes.
Call Camino Ear, Nose & Throat Clinic at (408) 227-6300 for more information or to schedule an appointment.